There are many eco-friendly building options available, including HempCrete, Ferrock, wool, mycelium, and timber.
A green building material is one that does not negatively impact the environment during its creation, growth, and subsequent construction. Some of these materials actually help to restore the environment by absorbing carbon dioxide.
They could also:
- Reliable and long-lasting
- Allow resources to be economically used
- Safe, non-toxic properties
- Insulate well to improve your overall energy efficiency
It’s not enough to choose green materials. You also need to consider the environmental impact of your overall design. Sustainable construction considers transport impacts in terms of carbon emissions and the amount of waste generated by construction sites, and plans for end-of-life.
The growing trend in green design is “design for demolition”. The architect or developer will consider how the building’s materials can be reused or recycled at some point in the development process.
Ten Best Eco-Friendly Building Materials
Bamboo is not a wood type, but a perennial grass. Bamboo is the fastest-growing plant in the world and it can be easily regenerated. It is also a pioneer species and can thrive in soils that are eroded and help to regenerate them.
Sheep’s wool is a viable alternative to traditional insulation materials. It has a longer lifespan than other man-made insulation materials, and it filters air and inhibits mildew.
Ferrock is a new material that is made from combining scrap steel dust and silica from broken glass. When iron in the dust reacts with carbon dioxide, it forms iron carbonate. It becomes a rock-hard matrix, which is stronger than cement.
Wood is an excellent choice for any project. It’s adaptable to many briefs and biodegradable, which means it extracts carbon dioxide from your atmosphere as it grows.
Timber cladding can be a transformative element in building designs. It also offers many health benefits. Timber cladding can be used as an exterior or a structural element. It can comply with safety regulations.
Hemp plants are more efficient at absorbing carbon dioxide per hectare than any commercial or forest crop. It doesn’t need any pesticides or herbicides to grow well and it has excellent structural integrity. HempCrete blocks can be made by combining hemp chips with lime water. The mixture is hardened into a building material that’s fireproof, non-toxic, high-insulating, and breathable.
Earth building is an ancient practice that has resulted in some of the most beautiful buildings on the planet. Modern designers are increasingly interested in earth building, because of the many environmental benefits and its design potential. Earth buildings, from cobb to rammed soil to clay, absorb heat during daylight and release it slowly at night. This results in pleasant ambient temperatures and sturdy structures.
Recycled and Reused Building Materials
Reusing materials from other projects or previous developments is a great way to save the environment. Steel is a strong and durable material that can be reused indefinitely without affecting its integrity and value. Reclaimed timber can be a great alternative to reducing waste and depleting resources. It also lends buildings an individual identity due to its unique, uneven finish.
Although it’s a bit outlandish, this one really delivers. The root network of mushrooms is called mycelium. It can be molded around a frame or mold and is more insulation than fiberglass. It is also a good alternative to particleboard. It is light, strong, and cheap. It can grow in darkness so it is easy to install. It will quickly fill the space.
Cork is a popular material for flooring, insulation, and exteriors. Cork is antimicrobial, flexible, and doesn’t absorb dust. Cork can also be taken from the Cork Oak’s bark every 9-12 years without causing damage to the tree.